Everything does pass, and we can endure and we can survive!! – Rahul Dravid
A study of the cultural moorings of India, as found in our heritage texts would give the idea of a uniquely Indian school of Management and governance. The Mimamsa Theory of Bhavana offers an interesting conceptual model for coordinating the multitude of managerial activities and also for deployment of persons on specific duties in tune with their potentials. Bharata’s Natya Shastra visualises complex organisational structures involving perfect coordination. Indian heritage texts both in Sanskrit and Pali as also in Tamil, vividly portray the canons of governance based on egalitarianism, democracy, social institutions and discussion. The concept of Learning organisation and “leaps of abstraction”, developed by Peter Senge etc. for Knowledge Management as well as attitudinal developments have already been referred to in Upanishads and the epics. Other important references are found in Hitopadesa, Artha Sastra, works of Bharthruhari, etc. The concepts of “learning methods”, “skills of enquiry”, holistic knowledge, the need for training as well as the conference-skills have also been powerfully dealt with these texts. The Upanishads talks of selection of alternatives and goal – achievement through knowledge-system as driver. The Gita talks of Buddhi yogam – the powerful deployment of Knowledge for Self-Advancement. The paper discusses these aspects as contained in Indian Heritage Texts in Sanskrit and Tamil.
Abstract | Introduction | Important Heritage Texts | Organizational concepts in Indian Heritage | Conceptual Model of Management | Governance and Administration | Governance and Administration in Tamil Sangam Heritage | Duties of a ruler as in Tamil Heritage Text | Fiscal Administration in Tamil Heritage Texts | SWOT Analysis | Knowledge Management | The learning of attitudes | Leader’s role in learning culture | Learning Models | The need for holistic knowledge | Conclusion | References